Describing the Data

The way you describe your data and the referencing system you use will depend upon the subject you are studying and you should follow the guides you are given carefully.

Let’s start by exploring how writers from the BAWE corpus referred to one of the most common ways of presenting data in a research report, a table.

Task: Quickly skim through the examples of how information in a table was referred to by successful writers and use the information to help you correct the sentences.

The errors in the writing below are underlined and bold. Click on the BAWE Corpus arrows above to make the results full screen. Find the successful example to correct the error below.

Now you have seen examples of how students refer to data in their writing, try to use SketchEngine and the BAWE corpus to correct the errors in the example writing by noticing the structure and language of the sentences.

Task: Read the example table from a PhD research report below. How would you describe it?

The following example student writing has been changed to contain typical student errors. You are going to use SketchEngine to correct the writing.

Task: Read how the student described the data in the table. How many errors can you find?

Table 12 summarises is similarities and differences of the three types of data analysis, ie Thematic Analysis (TA), Grounded Theory (GT) and Hermeneutic Analysis (HA). It also shows us these methods are suitable in interpretation and they seek to frame, diminish and obstruct by re-organizing data to reach the final stage of codes and themes.

Task: The tutor has highlighted the incorrect word in bold font. Open Sketch Engine by clicking on the link . Search for the word that comes before the error in bold by typing in the ‘simple query’ box.

Click on the full screen icon to see all the results. Click X in the top middle of the screen to close and return.

Table 12 summarises is similarities and differences in a three types data analysis

The student has noticed some features of successful student writing and the use of ‘summarises’ and they have highlighted the parts they think will help them correct their writing.

The student noticed that the structure ‘summarises the ____ of_____’ was used frequently in the results.

Task: Use the corpus results to correct the writing below.

You have seen how to use corpus research through Sketch Engine to correct writing.

Task: Use Sketch Engine and perform some simple searches of the key terms around the errors in bold below (ie / us / in). Correct the work by finding examples of successful writing from BAWE and post your corrected paragraph in the Future Learn discussion forum.

Table 12 summarises the similarities and the differences of the three types of data analysis, ie Thematic Analysis (TA), Grounded Theory (GT) and Hermeneutic Analysis (HA). It also shows us these methods are suitable in interpretation and they seek to frame, diminish and obstruct by re-organizing data to reach the final stage of codes and themes.